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Cameroon is a republic dominated by a strong presidency.

The country has a multi-party system of government, but the Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement (CPDM) has remained in power since it was created in 1985.

In practice the president retains the power to control legislation. In April 2013 the country conducted the first Senate elections in its history, which were peaceful and considered generally free and fair.

In September 2013simultaneous legislative and municipal elections were held and considered by most observers to be free and fair.

In 2011 CPDM leader Paul Biya was re-elected president, a position he has held since 1982,in a flawed election marked by irregularities, but observers did not believe these had a significant impact on the outcome of the election.

Authorities failed at times to maintain effective control over the security forces.

The government stepped up security measures inresponse to repeated attacks from Boko Haram, leading to human rights abuses,

including arbitrary arrests.

The most important human rights problems in the country were security force torture and abuse,particularly of detainees and prisoners; denial of fair and speedy public trial; and life-threatening prison conditions.

Other major human rights abuses included arbitrary arrest and detention, prolonged and sometimes incommunicado pretrial detention, and infringement on privacy rights.

The Government harassed journalists, restricted freedoms of speech

And press, and impeded freedom of movement. Corruption was pervasive at all levels of government. Gender-based violence occurred,including female genital mutilation/cutting(FGM/C). Trafficking in persons and discrimination  against members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community were problems. Discrimination against persons with albinism occasionally occurred, and hereditary servitude remained a problem.

The government restricted the activities of independent labor organizations. Child labor was a problem.Although the government took some steps to punish and prosecute officials who committed abuses in the security forces and in the public service, these actors were often still able to act with impunity.

To read more go to this website: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/236550.pdf



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